According to Vietnam Social Insurance, before the issuance of Resolution No. 28-NQ/TW of the 12th Central Committee on reforming social insurance policies, in 2017, the Vietnam Social Security said, the number of participants voluntary social insurance is 224,000 people. However, since Resolution No. 28-NQ/TW was issued, the number of people participating in voluntary social insurance in 2018 reached over 277,000 people, an increase of more than 52,900 people, equivalent to an increase of 23.6% compared to 2017; in 2019 was nearly 574 thousand people, an increase of 296,700 people (corresponding to an increase of 107.1% compared to 2018), accounting for 1.17% of the labor force in working age.
Notably, the number of people participating in voluntary social insurance increased in 2019 equal to the total number of people participating in voluntary social insurance that developed in the previous 11 years combined, marking a new turning point in the development of social insurance participants. of Vietnam’s social insurance industry.
In 2020, despite being affected by the Covid-19 epidemic, as well as natural disasters and floods in the Central and Central Highlands, thanks to the implementation of a series of synchronous and timely solutions, Vietnam’s social insurance industry continues to achieve achieved results in implementing important targets and tasks, especially in expanding the coverage of voluntary social insurance with the number of participants reaching 1,128 million people (an increase of 554 thousand people, twice as much as in 2019). , reaching about 2.1% of the labor force of farmers and informal sector workers participating in voluntary social insurance, exceeding the 2021 target assigned in Resolution No. 28-NQ/TW.
The above results are a clear demonstration of the efforts that Vietnam’s social insurance industry has drastically implemented over the past time, contributing to the development of more people to participate in the State’s safety net, to take care of their lives. living and taking care of their health when they are no longer able to work in old age, contributing to strengthening the country’s strong social security.
However, before the negative impact of the epidemic in 2021, the policy development of the social insurance industry faces new challenges, when economic activities face difficulties, people’s income declines; The unemployment rate increases… Recognizing the situation, right from the beginning of the year, the whole Vietnam Social Insurance industry has applied flexible and appropriate solutions to the actual situation to develop participants of voluntary social insurance. As a result, by the end of April 2021, the number of people participating in voluntary social insurance reached 1.12 million (a slight decrease compared to the end of 2020 due to the impact of the Covid-19 epidemic), but still an increase of 527 thousand people compared to the same period last year. year 2020).
According to the Vietnam Social Security Administration, some localities that have performed well in developing voluntary social insurance participants are: Nghe An (an increase of 9,499 people compared to 2020 and an increase of 34,471 people compared to the same period last year), Thai Binh (an increase of 4,547 people compared to 2020 and an increase of 16,623 people compared to the same period last year), Phu Tho (an increase of 3,679 people compared to 2020 and an increase of 17,575 people compared to the same period last year), Thanh Hoa (an increase of 2,655 people compared to the same period last year). with 2020 and an increase of 30,676 people over the same period last year), Quang Nam (increasing 1,861 people compared to 2020 and increasing 12,922 people over the same period last year)….
According to the report of the Social Insurance of U Minh district, in April 2021, this locality has developed 819 people participating in voluntary social insurance, bringing the total number of people participating in the area in the first 4 months of the year to 3,519 people. achieved and exceeded 3% compared to the plan of the whole year of 2021 in terms of the number of people participating in voluntary social insurance.
Mr. Phan Van Ri – Director of Social Insurance of U Minh district (Ca Mau province) – said that one of the effective ways of the district social insurance is to work closely with district/commune authorities and closely follow the people. to mobilize, propagate, and at the same time ask the collection agency team to manage and mobilize people to participate continuously.
Currently, U Minh is in the dry season, the weather is good, people in the area have a stable seasonal income, so the campaign to participate in voluntary social insurance has many advantages. “However, the district social insurance agency is always very proactive, regularly working directly with the commune authorities, mobilizing the participation of the Party cell secretary of each village; supervise and inspect the activities of agents on a regular basis… so that more and more people in the area can access and participate in the welfare policy of the Party and the State,” said Mr. Ri.
From the fact that the development of voluntary social insurance participants of U Minh district social insurance shows that the involvement of the Party committees and authorities at all levels plays a key role in the effective implementation of this work. This is also a clear demonstration of the implementation of the task and solution of “Strengthening the leadership role of the Party, promoting the role of the people, the Vietnam Fatherland Front and socio-political organizations”. the spirit of Resolution No. 28 comes to life; These tasks and solutions are prerequisites in the organization and implementation of social insurance policies in localities.
Recently, at the online conference on collection and development of participants of social insurance and health insurance in May 2021, Deputy General Director of Vietnam Social Insurance Tran Dinh Lieu directed units in this whole industry to coordinate with agencies in charge of social insurance and health insurance. post offices need to be flexible, apply creative measures right from the grassroots; further promote the advisory role of the social insurance agency, mobilize the participation of the Party committees and local authorities, especially at the commune, ward and township levels in the development of participants.
Emphasizing that the epidemic situation can be prolonged and complicated, social insurance agencies must clearly identify the mentality of facing difficulties on a regular basis; further improve the forecasting of changes in each quarter, each year, the 3-year period…; detailed identification of potential target groups for planning and reasonable and effective approaches and methods, Mr. Tran Dinh Lieu requested, social insurance agencies of provinces and cities need to develop communication scenarios for each group. subjects, with specific communication content and forms, suitable to the psychological characteristics and income levels of the target group to effectively communicate, mobilize and develop participants of voluntary social insurance.
May 2021 is the second year of organizing the implementation of “Month of mobilization and deployment of universal social insurance”, so the Vietnam Social Insurance industry promotes communication with the topic “Social insurance for all employees”. associated with communication contents about the position, role and human meaning of the social insurance policy, especially emphasizing the rights and benefits when participating in voluntary social insurance.
Le Kim Lien