UNDP and Norway support Vietnam to accelerate marine spatial planning

On the afternoon of November 23, 2022, in Hanoi, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Vietnam and the Norwegian Embassy in Vietnam signed an Agreement to support national marine spatial planning for sustainability. of the ocean and response to climate change in Vietnam.

This agreement will support the Government of Vietnam for three years to strengthen and implement marine spatial planning by promoting research, technology transfer and innovation in the marine sector. The support agreement will be implemented at the central level and three locations at the local level.

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Vietnam and the Norwegian Embassy in Vietnam signed the Agreement.

Sites were selected based on the following criteria: Small ecological area with potential for a practical solution; political and administrative support; availability of biospatial data and information on important resources; competent authorities are ready to develop and implement marine spatial plans.

“Norway has a lot of good experience to share with Vietnam in developing and applying marine spatial planning. To become a high-income country by 2045 and achieve net zero emissions target By 2050, Vietnam needs to transform its growth model, especially through a successful energy transition and unlock the potential of a green economy. sustainable and scientific oceanography, in which marine spatial planning plays an important role,” said Ms. Hilde Solbakken – Norwegian Ambassador to Vietnam at the event.

At the event, Ms. Pham Thu Hang – Deputy General Director of the General Department of Seas and Islands of Vietnam said: Marine spatial planning is a key task, assigned by the Prime Minister to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (General Department of Agriculture and Rural Development). Seas and Islands of Vietnam) implementation of the marine spatial planning of Vietnam. The marine spatial planning is based on the principle of zoning based on the ecology and usage needs of marine economic sectors, with inter-regional and inter-local nature.

In addition, comprehensively develop spaces related to Vietnam’s sea, including coastal areas, sea areas and airspace within 28 coastal provinces and cities. Marine planning is an important foundation and basis for marine economic development in the spirit of Resolution 26 of the Government on sustainable development of Vietnam’s marine economy.

According to Deputy Director General of the General Department of Seas and Islands of Vietnam, this three-year technical assistance package will accelerate the progress of marine spatial planning by emphasizing the promotion of research, technology transfer and innovation. in the marine sector. Integrated planning to promote sustainable marine development in the target provinces will also be conducted.

Also at the event, Ms. Ramla Al Khalidi, UNDP Resident Representative in Vietnam emphasized: The ocean provides important opportunities for the recovery of the blue economy and marine economy, and offers great potential. large for inshore and offshore wind energy. If the sea is developed sustainably, it will support energy security and help Vietnam achieve its commitment to net zero emissions by 2050.

Ms. Ramla Al Khalidi affirmed, UNDP will continue to promote and strengthen the work on Marine Spatial Planning, an important factor to unlock the potential of the blue sea economy and especially to take advantage of its great potential. of Vietnam on marine wind energy as an important renewable energy source for the country’s climate goals.

According to statistics of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Vietnam, located in a favorable geopolitical position on the East Sea, Vietnam is a country with more than a third of the population living in coastal areas. The marine economy of coastal provinces and cities accounts for about 50% of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), with the marine economy alone contributing from 20 to 22%.

Besides numerous marine resources, Vietnam also boasts oil and gas, natural gas, coastal and offshore minerals that have the potential to bring significant economic benefits to the national and local economies. However, Vietnam’s oceans are threatened by habitat fragmentation, degradation, fishing and other forms of over-exploitation, climate change, and pollution mainly from ocean litter.

Le Kim Lien


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