The space missions in the near future

Scientists hope that after the discovery of phosphine – a provable compound for the existence of life on Venus, the priority level in study of planets will change. Meanwhile, the future space missions could bring us many new discoveries.

James Webb space telescope

Thanks to the James Webb Space Telescope, we can visualize the ends of the universe. The James Webb Telescope is the “technological alternative” of the Hubble Space Telescope.

James Webb Glass has a mass of about 6.5 tons, about a half lighter than the Hubble Glass. The main job of the James Webb Glasses is to make observations in the near infrared spectrum, helping scientists see further in the universe, that is, to look deeper into the cosmic past.

The James Webb Space Telescope Project helps us to view the first stars after the Big Bang, to better understand the processes of galaxy formation and star systems.

James Webb Space Telescope launch time scheduled: April 2021.

Mission AIDA – DART and Hera

AIDA is the abbreviation of the English phrase: Asteroid Impact and Deflection as‌sessment (Evaluation of deviation and meteorite impact). This is a research project of NASA and ESA, consisting of 2 missions.

The goal of this project is to test on theoretical models the possibility of using a spacecraft to deflect the flight trajectory of asteroid that could potentially crash into the Earth.

The first spacecraft – DART, will be directed towards the 65803 Didymos meteorite system (including two Didymos A meteorites, 780 m in diameter; Didymos B, 160 m in diameter) and collide with smaller meteorites (Didymos B). ). The Didymos meteorite system is considered one of the objects close to Earth that are in danger of colliding with our planet.

A few years after DART’s collision with the Didymos B surface, the second spacecraft – Hera, will be launched in the direction of the asteroid system. Hera’s job is to evaluate and analyze the impact of the impact itself.

Expected launch time of DART: July 22, 2021.

Expected launch time of Hera: From 2024 – 2027.

Project Artemis

The goal of the Artemis project is to bring people back to the Moon. If all goes according to plan, within the framework of the Artemis 3 mission (scheduled to launch in 2024), the first female astronaut will set foot on the Silver Heaven.

Artemis is an international project, which includes the American Aerospace Agency (NASA), the European Space Agency (ESA), the Japan Space Agency (JAXA), the Space Agency. Canada (CSA) and the Australian Space Agency (ASA).

The US Aerospace Agency (NASA) leads the entire program, but if all goes well, the success will be international. The main goal of the Artemis mission is to prepare for the long-term existence of humans on the Moon. The lunar economic launch will also be a fundamental stage in exploiting other areas of the Solar System, especially during missions that feature crews to Mars.

Artemis is not just a project to bring people back to the Moon, but its scale is much larger. For example, within the framework of the Artemis project, an orbit station similar to the ISS International Space Station will be built on the orbit of the Moon. Its name is Lunar Gateway.

However, to get the Lunar Gateway, we have to wait a while. The first modules of this station will be produced no earlier than 2026, so sending them to orbit around the Moon is even later.

In 2021, the Artemis 1 mission will be launched. This is a test program for the Orion spacecraft with no crew. In the future, the Orion will be used to send humans to the Moon.

The next mission, Artemis 2, will be one with the crew. However, this time, the Orion ship did not land on the Moon but was in orbit on the Moon.

The year 2024 is a particularly important year for the Artemis project, when the Artemis 3 mission kicks off with the mission of bringing people back to the Moon.

Expected starting time of Artemis project: Year 2021 (for Artemis 1), year 2023 (for Artemis 2) and 2024 (for Artemis 3).

Drone propeller on Titan satellite

Project Artemis.

The goal of the Dragonfly project is to bring a drone with a propeller system and eight engines to Titan – Saturn’s largest satellite. This drone works on nuclear energy.

The Dragonfly is capable of studying many areas on the surface of the Titan satellite, while also searching for chemical processes that demonstrate the ability to form very simple life forms.

We do not know whether more complex life forms could survive the extreme conditions on Titan (surface temperature: – 179 degrees C; lakes contain no water but liquid methane).

Why is Titan so much interested in astronomers? In a way, Titan resembles Earth in a very young age. Studying the Titan satellite can help us find an answer to the question: How did life come about?

Estimated time to launch the Dragonfly project: April 2026.


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