The Ministry of Public Security said that in the current digital technology era, especially the strong development of breakthrough technologies in the industrial revolution 4.0, the issue of protecting personal data is increasing. becomes urgent.
In the world, the issue of personal data protection has been highly valued by many countries such as the US, France, Germany, Japan … and the European Union. Statistics show that, currently more than 80 countries have promulgated legal documents on personal data protection.
According to countries, the right to protect personal data is privacy and protected by law. Protection of personal data is shown through many aspects such as: ensuring the autonomy, privacy and preserving the honor and reputation of each individual, helping individuals better control the issues in the process. live, strengthen trust in society and is one of the important factors promoting the right to express opinion and freedom of expression.
Digital infrastructure is developing fast and data infrastructure is improving. The Government is drastically directing the promotion of e-Government development towards the digital government and the digital economy and has achieved many important results.
However, the more level of technology application, the greater the provision and use of personal information. This poses for the Government the problem of effectively managing, ensuring the prevention and handling of violations of the law on personal information; At the same time, ensuring compliance with the Constitution, provisions of Vietnamese law as well as international law …
According to the Ministry of Public Security, the construction of a Decree on personal data protection stems from a number of basic requirements, including: Requirements from the development of the digital economy and the application of science and technology to life. society; requirements from the prevention, fighting and handling of law-breaking acts; urgent requirements for the implementation of e-Government and the institutionalization of undertakings and policies of the Party and State; request to raise public awareness of personal data protection, especially information on personal profiles, relationships, health status, finance …; requirements in accordance with the laws of some countries around the world on the protection of personal data, including the General Data Protection Regulation of the European Union (GDPR).