According to the Minister, Chairman of the Government Office Mai Tien Dung, over the past years, the Government and the Prime Minister have always paid attention to the institutional reform, building e-Government in the activities of home agencies. water to better serve people and businesses.
Successfully implementing the Scheme on Simplifying Administrative Procedures (TTHC) in the fields of state management in the period 2007-2010, Vietnam has reduced and simplified 4,818 / 5,421 TTHC (cut 37,31 % Of administrative procedures equivalent to about 30,000 billion VND per year, this is an impressive number After these successes, the spirit of reform has continued with many annual regulatory reduction programs, for example: Master project on simplifying administrative procedures, citizenship papers and related databases. to the population management period 2013 – 2020, the Project on simplifying the reporting regime in the operation of state administrative agencies was issued in 2017 by the Prime Minister, Resolutions 19 / NQ-CP, Resolution No. 02 / NQ-CP of the Government on the implementation of key tasks and solutions to improve the business environment, enhance national competitiveness from 2014 to present …
By implementing these programs, thousands of business conditions, the list of specialized inspection goods and TTHC goods have been reduced and simplified. In the 2016-2020 period, 3,893 / 6,191 business conditions; 6,776 / 9,926 line of goods subject to specialized inspection has been reduced and simplified; Total social costs save more than 18 million working days / year, equivalent to about 6,300 billion. Ministries and branches have had plans to handle 1,501 items that overlap in their jurisdiction.
According to the World Bank’s global business environment ranking for the 2016-2020 period, Vietnam increased 20 places, ranking 70/190 countries and economies and ranked 5th in ASEAN; According to the GCI 4.0 Global Competitiveness ranking conducted by the World Economic Forum, Vietnam’s competitiveness increased 10 places in the 2018-2019 period, from 77 to 67/141 countries and ranked 7th in ASEAN; US News & World magazine ranked Vietnam 8/80 and among the top 10 countries with the best economy to invest in …
However, according to the Minister, Chairman of the VPCP, in addition to those achievements, it is also necessary to recognize the fact that in current legal documents, there are still many inadequate regulations, which are a barrier to the production and business activities, not yet favorable for businesses and people; The reform in some places still takes a form, even the situation of cutting this regulation creates other regulations, making it more difficult for enterprises and people to do business.
Besides, the implementation of administrative procedures is mainly done by manual methods; People and businesses also have to submit many kinds of papers, travel to many places, incur an unnecessary administrative burden. The main cause of these shortcomings is mainly due to the lack of an overall approach, the lack of appropriate ways and tools to evaluate, control, measure and consult effectively on policies and regulations. determination is no longer suitable.
Minister, Chairman of the Government Office Mai Tien Dung. Photo: VGP
Strong determination of the Government
In order to continue implementing the Party and State’s policies on institutional reform, improving business environment and enhancing competitiveness, on May 12, 2020, the Government issued Resolution No. 68 / NQ- CP on the Program to reduce and simplify regulations related to business activities in the period 2020-2025.
This is the reform program with the widest coverage ever, demonstrating the strong determination of the Government to promote the reform of regulations and the implementation of regulations related to business activities. with the viewpoint of taking businesses and people as the center, creating a driving force for the country’s socio-economic development. From the experience of reforms of the OECD countries and our country’s reform practices over the past time, we can see that we still have a lot of room for growth through reform.
In terms of scope, the Reform Program does not just stop at the task of statistics, review, assessment, calculation of compliance costs, proposing reduction and simplification plans for all related regulations. business activities in the effective documents that comprehensively reform the regulations related to business activities in the project, draft legal documents (legal documents), ministries, agencies. is assigned to develop, issue according to its competence or submit to competent authorities for promulgation (including administrative procedures, requirements and conditions related to business activities, reporting regimes, standards and regulations. standards and specialized inspection of import and export goods).
Besides, not only reforming in the development and promulgation of legal documents with regulations related to business activities, but also focusing on reforming the implementation of these regulations in practice through promoting the implementation of these regulations. currently conducting administrative procedures in the electronic environment and implementing the one-door and one-stop mechanism in resolving administrative procedures towards improving service quality, not following administrative boundaries, increasing the application of information technology, and reducing time time, social costs and maximum convenience for businesses and people.
In the implementation of this Program, ministries and branches in addition to focusing on reforming regulations towards simpler, more favorable and transparent regulations, also need to focus on strongly improving and innovating the real organization. regulations, promote online public services at level 3-4 to improve service quality for people and businesses; improve the effectiveness and efficiency of state management, enhance openness, transparency and accountability in the operations of administrative agencies, to better meet the needs of people and businesses. .
In terms of goals, the Program sets specific goals: In the period from 2020 to 2025, reduce and simplify at least 20% of regulations and cut at least 20% of compliance costs. Regarding business activities in documents in effect by the end of May 31, 2020, compliance costs calculated by ministries and statistical agencies for the first time (before October 31 / 2020).
At the same time, minimize the number of current documents related to business activities within the authority of Ministers, Heads of ministerial agencies, the Prime Minister, and the Government and strictly control the issuance of issuing legal documents related to business activities on the basis of law, especially administrative documents, circulars of ministers, heads of ministerial-level agencies, decisions of the Prime Minister , government decree; prevent the emergence of unnecessary, unreasonable, and illegal regulations that make it difficult for businesses and people to do business.
Regarding the implementation organization, this reform program also highlights the role and responsibility of the Ministry of Justice, the legal organizations of ministries and branches in evaluating the regulations in the project, draft legal documents; the participation of the Advisory Council on administrative reform; role of leading, urging, guiding, and inspecting the VPCP and the Office of Ministries in the implementation …
In performing the tasks assigned by the Government, up to now, the ministries and branches have issued the Plan to reduce and simplify regulations related to business activities under their management; set up a working group to implement Resolution No. 68 and make a statistical list of regulations related to business activities under their management. The VPCP has developed reform tools and guidelines for ministries and sectors.
In the short term, ministries and branches need to soon complete statistics, update data and calculate costs in compliance with regulations related to business activities in effective documents by the end of the 31st of the month. In the year 2020, under the management scope of ministries and ministerial-level agencies, to enter the statistical software and reviewing software under the guidance of the VPCP before October 15, 2020; synthesize, report statistical results, calculate the cost of compliance with regulations related to business activities under the management of ministries and ministerial-level agencies before October 31, 2020, and send them to VPCP for monitoring .
For regulations related to business activities to be amended, supplemented, replaced, canceled, canceled and with fluctuations in compliance costs, keep updating, statistics in real time on the system software. system.
Along with the statistics and calculation of costs for compliance with regulations for the first time, ministries and ministerial-level agencies are also responsible for formulating and submitting to the Prime Minister plans to reduce and simplify regulations related to activities. business activity; elaborating documents to implement the reduction and simplification plan after being approved by the Prime Minister.