Revise policies for sustainable management of protection forests – prevent conversion of use purposes


On October 13, 2020 in Hanoi, the Center for Research and Consultancy on Resource Management (CORENARM) and the Center for People and Nature (PanNature) jointly organized the seminar on “Policy, investment and management. Sustainability of the Protection Forest System in Vietnam ”, to support national forestry policy-making and acute the protection forest system.

Workshop “Policy, investment and sustainable management of Vietnam’s protection forest system”

According to Mr. Nguyen Quoc Dung- Forest Investigation and Planning Institute, Vietnam’s protection forest covers an area of ​​4.6 million hectares, protecting nearly 4000 rivers, 385 hydropower projects and hundreds of other natural lakes. However, the reality of the past few years shows that the management boards and protection forest owners are facing many difficulties and challenges in maintaining operations and sustainably managing the allocated forests. The area and quality of protection forests in many localities tends to decrease, strongly affected by socio-economic development activities while the capacity and investment in forest management and protection remain a lot of shortcomings.

In addition, the policy of benefiting from forest protection and management, ensuring economic life for people living near forests in order to reduce pressure on protection forest areas still has many limitations.

Mr. Dong Anh Dai – specialist of the Special-use and Protection Forest Management Department, General Department of Forestry (MARD) said that the Law on Forestry 2017 stipulates the tasks of protection forests, including: Protection of water sources, land, restrictions natural disasters… and provision of forest environmental services. However, some coastal localities have set economic development goals, so they have converted protective forest belts into resorts, export processing …, leading to the reduction of forest areas, limiting the protection function. Mr. Dai emphasized that there should be specific management orientations on protection forest policy and management, such as developing the content of the protection forest development strategy for the period 2020-2030 and a vision to 2040, integrating combat forestry development strategy.

In addition, it is necessary to establish ownership rights for forest owners such as: allocating land and forests to protection forest management boards; clearly defining boundaries on maps, setting up landmarks on the field to serve the forest management, monitoring, making statistics, inventory and preparing forest management records according to forest plots, plots and sub-forests.

At the same time, to consolidate and consolidate the organization of the specialized forest protection force of the Protection Forest Management Boards to ensure effective operation in accordance with regulations; building a coordination mechanism between the Protection Forest Management Boards with the local government and mass organizations; The development of a decree on investment policies for the protection forest system is part of the general investment policy for the forestry sector.

Mr. Dong Anh Dai also said that it is necessary to build technical and economic norms for protection forests. This is an important issue to support the State Management Boards and the State management system in implementing public activities …

Data from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development shows that, to date, Vietnam has about 4.64 million hectares of protection forest, including 3.84 million hectares of natural watershed protection forest and others. such as windbreak forests, sand-shielding forests, coastal wave breakers, environmental protection forests. Most of this area is managed by 231 protection forest management boards of different levels. In addition, there are small areas of more than 330 thousand hectares that are managed by communities, households, armed forces and other parties.

Le Kim Lien

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