Starfish, sea cucumbers, and corals are extremely fragile sea creatures. Just a gentle touch, they can be injured, lack of water will die. It is so fragile, it is worth mentioning that many tourists just because “check in” earn “virtual likes” they harm sea creatures mercilessly. This action greatly affects the environment and marine ecosystems.
30 million years to form and half a year to break
Coral is considered the roof of marine life. Coral reefs also play an important role in regulating the climate in the sea, serving the diving tourism industry. Many beautiful coral reefs near the coast of the central provinces are threatened by humans, especially illegal exploitation, the situation of tourists trampling and destroying corals. A series of coral reefs are in an endangered state.
On May 16, 2022, netizens were outraged after seeing a photo of a man lying on a coral reef, catching starfish in Hon Yen, Phu Yen to take pictures. This person lies on the reef, poses badly, even holding dozens of starfish at once just for the purpose of checking in.
The post on the fanpage of the Museum of Oceanography with the message reads: “Sea creatures in general, coral reefs as well as starfish in particular are directly affected by actions like these tourists in Phu Yen. Dear friends, sightseeing is an essential need of each individual. However, actions that affect the environment and nature like this need to be strongly condemned.” Fanpage “Museum of Oceanography” calls on people to visit tourism as an essential need of each individual, but such actions affecting the environment and nature should be strongly condemned and not arrested. imitate.
“A very bad action! Just because of the “virtual like” sentence, you can destroy a dozen/hundred/thousand years of creation? What do you think while posing this “terrible”, friend Nguyen Ngoc harshly expressed.
The Sub-Department of Seas and Islands – Department of Natural Resources and Environment of Phu Yen province said that the sea near the coast of Phu Yen currently has 182 species of coral. On the full moon day of every month, when the tide is low, beautiful coral reefs are revealed, attracting many tourists to visit. However, because they are located near the shore, most of these coral reefs are being affected by social pollution
In Khanh Hoa, Hon Mun Marine Protected Area is home to the most beautiful coral reef with 350 species of coral. However, the coral here is also under a lot of pressure from the number of tourists over 6.3 million times a year to Khanh Hoa, of which island tours and coral reefs are always chosen by many tourists. Many scuba diving guides reflect that many coral reefs are damaged, broken, and littered with garbage.
While Con Dao National Park is spending a lot of effort and time to embellish and transplant corals, many tourists unconsciously take only a few minutes, even seconds to destroy them. Con Dao National Park has about 2,000 hectares of coral surrounded. In terms of biodiversity and coral cover, there is hardly any place comparable to this national park. However, under the influence of nature and humans, the coral ecosystem is being seriously degraded. From that situation, the National Park in collaboration with the Nha Trang Institute of Oceanography is trying to find a way to transplant corals. After 3 months of transplantation, more than 1,500 coral branches under the sea of Con Dao have sprouted 2cm. And after 2-3 years, these coral branches develop normally, contributing to the protection of marine resources on this island.
However, recently, on social networks, a group of tourists shared pictures of a group of tourists who blatantly broke coral in Con Dao, but because the guide announced that it could not be brought to the airport, about 10 bags of coral. was left on the island. Seeing the abandoned coral bags still still have the fishy smell and all kinds of coral antlers, deer corals, egg corals, discus corals, making many people feel sorry for and disgruntled with this unconscious act. of visitors.
Vietnam is located in the world’s largest coral diversity area, but 9/10 of more than 1,000km2 of coral reefs in Vietnam are in an endangered state. There are still areas of coral reefs “calling for help” just because of improper behavior towards corals – the roof of marine life.
Reef Ecologic Research Organization (Australia) has just finished researching and surveying Hon Mun Marine Protected Area. Dr. Adam Smith, co-director of Reef Ecologic Research Organization, said that Hon Mun is facing the impact of humans and harmful organisms. “The coral here is under great influence from humans, such as littering, trampling and indiscriminate exploitation of seafood. Without proper conservation, soon the coral reef here will disappear. To have a beautiful coral reef takes up to 30 million years, but to destroy it only takes half a year “- Dr. Adam Smith recommended.
The man lying on the coral, catching starfish caused outrage.
Starfish are sun-dried and die
Sea stars are beautiful sea creatures found in some Vietnamese seas such as Phu Quoc, Nha Trang, Con Dao… Recently, Phu Quoc tourism forum has shared pictures of dead starfish in Rach Vem. dried by tourists picked up “virtual life” causing public anger. Accordingly, the starfish are burned dry in the sun, arranged in the shape of hearts, stars, flowers on dry sand, waves do not come in. Everything is crooked, black.
Most of the comments are indignant because the ignorant actions of some young people have led to the unnecessary death of the marine species that is the symbol of this sea.
A tourist named HA (Hanoi) had a trip to the waters of Phu Quoc. Here, she was shocked and shared her frustration on her personal page when she witnessed the scene of marine life being picked up, serving the “virtual life” of tourists and then being left to dry in the sun: “The hearts of tourists This morning until noon, my heart is already baked… Poor them! My family visited Rach Vem at noon, around 12-14pm on April 2, 2021. Being introduced by a taxi driver to a beach with many stars but also arranged in a heart shape, our family went there and saw the same picture as the photo above. I was very upset when I saw the starfish drying out in the sun. My family tried to put 2 starfish that have not dried up into the water, but it must be too late.”
Attached to the urgent sharing is a picture of a series of dead starfish that looks extremely tragic. According to research, starfish, if taken out of the water after 5 minutes, will die because they breathe through the tube foot and papillae. Sea water is likened to the blood of this animal because they have no blood: “The starfish themselves have no blood, people. So we decided to use seawater as blood. It is easier to understand that the sea water is their blood! Imagine how your heart is still pounding and pounding but not being able to pump blood away is how terrible it is. That’s why we easily die when we get ashore even though it’s very strong in the water,” explained an explanation from the Facebook fan page. The article after a few hours of publication has attracted a lot of attention from netizens. Most were indignant at the act of destroying the life of these sea creatures.
Picking up star species and not releasing them back into the sea is both cruel and irresponsible to nature. It seems that destroying the environment is cutting down trees and destroying forests, but it turns out that even a small, careless job has harmed the ecosystem and is cruel to nature. Law on Natural Resources and Environment of Sea and Islands No. 82/2015/QH13, passed by the National Assembly on June 25, 2015, clearly specifies the rights, obligations and responsibilities of agencies, organizations and individuals in general management natural resources and environmental protection of Vietnam’s seas and islands. In particular, content 5 in Article 8 of the Law clearly indicates prohibited acts: destroying or degrading the environment and ecosystems of sea and islands.
Decree 45/2019/ND-CP on sanctioning administrative violations in the field of tourism stipulates that tourists will be fined from 500,000 VND to 3,000,000 VND if there are violations such as: No comply with the rules and regulations of tourist resorts, tourist spots, tourist service providers; uncivilized behavior; do not respect the customs, practices and cultural identity of the locality of the destination.
In fact, there are very few cases of punishing tourists for misbehaving with starfish and corals. Most new behaviors just stop at the level of reminders. The “responsibility” to remind often belongs to coastal people, such as reminding guests to bring starfish back to the water when they are picked up ashore. But, this reminder seems to be late.
Solving this situation requires the involvement of local authorities and functional sectors. Not only propagating, reminding visitors to respect culture and protect nature; Authorities should also apply regulations and regulations to handle violations, in order to warn and deter similar behaviors in the future to protect marine species, preserve the ecosystem. nature.