This information is given at the Summary Conference of the target program on electricity supply for rural, mountainous and island areas for the period 2016-2020 taking place on January 14, 2021.
Electrification – sustainable development of rural, mountainous and island areas
At the conference, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Dang Hoang An said, rural electrification is one of the most important and outstanding achievements of Vietnam since the day of the reunification of the country with the increase in the proportion of households with electricity. from 2.5% in 1975 to 96% in 2009 and 99.53% in 2019 (including urban and rural areas).
Vietnam has been successful in providing electricity to more than 17 million households in rural, remote, border and island areas. In rural areas, the rate of households using electricity as of December 31, 2019 reached 99.26%; only about 0.74% of rural households do not have access to electricity.
Vietnam’s rural, mountainous and island power supply program not only contributes to poverty reduction but also contributes to the sustainable development of rural, mountainous and island areas. From helping people change the crop structure, change the size and practice of farming, animal husbandry, increase crop yields, and process agricultural and forestry products, improve rural incomes, Electricity also helps traditional craft villages to use machine tools to replace human power, promote traditional products and expand new professions.
Audiovisual facilities are increasingly used in every peasant family, improving cultural life, improving people’s knowledge, bringing basic and long-term benefits to localities, as a basis. to build a new countryside in the period of industrialization and international economic integration.
Deputy Minister Dang Hoang An acknowledged, since 2013, since the Prime Minister issued Decision No. 2081 / QD-TTg dated November 8, 2013 approving the electricity supply program for rural, mountainous and marine areas. islands in the 2013-2020 period, followed by the Prime Minister’s Decision No. 1740 / QD-TTg dated December 13, 2018 approving the target program for electricity supply for rural, mountainous and island areas for the 2016-2020 period. can be seen as the final stage for Vietnam’s Rural Electrification Program.
The program has achieved encouraging results. That is, power supply for 17/17 communes reaches 100%; The number of households supplied with electricity is 204,737 households, supplying electricity to 5 islands (Ly Son Island; Bach Long Vy; Nhon Chau; Cu Lao Cham; Tran and Cai Chien islands).
Deputy General Director of Vietnam Electricity (EVN) Vo Quang Lam said that by 2020, EVN has provided and managed electricity sales to 11/12 island districts, 82/85 island communes with a total capital of more than 7,900 billion. copper. Every year, EVN must also make up for losses of about 200 billion dong. The supply of electricity to mountainous and island areas has many difficulties in terms of geographical distance, longevity of equipment and maintenance. At the same time, due to poor business performance, it is difficult to mobilize socialized capital …
To mobilize resources to socialize investment in rural electricity development
According to Deputy Minister Dang Hoang An, there are still about 154,000 households in rural, mountainous and island areas without electricity. The goal of expanding access to electricity for households that do not have electricity is a big challenge for the coming period and should be prioritized to implement right after mobilizing financial resources.
The challenge is to identify the most appropriate way to supply electricity to the rest of the households because mostly in remote mountainous and island areas, the ability to supply electricity from the national grid will have a return. investment. Currently, it is necessary to consider promoting the solution of supplying electricity with renewable energy sources because recently, the cost of renewable energy equipment has decreased significantly – Deputy Minister emphasized.
According to the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the target program for supplying electricity in rural, mountainous and island areas in the period of 2021-2025 will provide electricity to about 871,263 households (of which, about 153,911 households have no electricity; electricity but unstable and uninterrupted power supply) of 6,811 villages in 2,197 communes; supplying electricity to 2,638 small and medium-sized pump stations in 13 provinces in the Mekong Delta region combining with electricity supply for people;
Proposing to add electricity to the national grid or renewable energy sources for the remaining islands: Con Co Island, Quang Tri province; Tho Chu, An Son and Nam Du Kien Giang province; The island villages: Ninh Tan, Ninh Dao, Diep Son, Bich Dam, Khanh Hoa province; supplying electricity to Con Dao in Ba Ria – Vung Tau province.
Mr. Bui Quoc Hung – Deputy Director of Department of Electricity and Renewable Energy (Ministry of Industry and Trade) said that the target in the period to 2021-2025 will supply electricity to most rural households. However, the need for investment capital is still lacking about 26,000 billion VND. The total capital is very large. Up to now, the mobilization of budget capital for the program has faced many difficulties, not enough resources to invest in power supply for mountainous and island areas. Meanwhile, our country becomes a country with developed economic conditions and no longer has access to concessional ODA sources.
Mr. Bui Quoc Hung said that the Ministry of Industry and Trade has submitted to the Ministry of Planning and Investment for appraisal the project proposal for rural, mountainous and island power supply program using the World Bank’s concessional loans about USD 360 million, ADB capital is about 400 million USD.
Le Kim Lien