This is the goal set out at the “2-year Preliminary Conference on implementing pilot projects to build a model new rural district; Orientation for the period 2021-2025 ”takes place on December 30, 2020.
The quality of rural criteria has just been improved
In 2 years (2019-2020), the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) has implemented a pilot project to build a model new rural district of 4 districts Nam Dan (Nghe An province), Hai Hau ( Nam Dinh province), Don Duong (Lam Dong province) and Xuan Loc (Dong Nai province).
Building a model new rural district in Nam Dan district (Nghe An province)
After 2 years of implementing the project, districts have built and self-proposed a set of new model rural district criteria, associated with outstanding conditions and characteristics of each locality. In particular, the quality of new rural criteria has been improved.
Nam Dan district builds a model new countryside on “Cultural development associated with tourism” according to the set of criteria, including 42 indicators associated with 5 groups of criteria, specifically: Construction of cultural and tourism infrastructure ; Build people and cultured families; Building a cultural environment; Cultural, artistic, physical training and sports movements; Connecting culture and tourism.
Hai Hau district built a model new countryside of “Bright, Green, Clean, Beautiful for sustainable development” according to the set of criteria including 14 indicators associated with 3 groups of criteria, namely: “Bright”: Infrastructure rural “Consistency, synchronization, connection”; “Green, Clean”: There is landscape, rural environment “Green, clean, beautiful”; “Beautiful”: A civilized, progressive lifestyle, rich in traditional identities.
Don Duong district built a model new countryside on “Agriculture with high technology in smart direction” according to the set of criteria, including 29 indicators associated with 5 groups of criteria, namely: Production scale; Infrastructure structure; Production organization and product sales association; CNC application in a smart direction; Efficient and sustainable.
Xuan Loc district builds a model new countryside on “Development of sustainable agricultural commodity production” according to the set of criteria, including 29 indicators associated with 6 groups of criteria on: Scale; Infrastructure structure; Production organization and product sales association; Applied science and technology; Efficient and sustainable; Build model models.
Up to now, after 2 years of implementation, Nam Dan district has achieved 29/42 targets (accounting for 69%), Xuan Loc has reached 19/29 targets (accounting for 65.5%), Hai Hau has reached 06/14 targets ( accounting for 42.9%) and Don Duong reaching 10/29 criteria (accounting for 34.5%).
Implementation of the project has helped districts improve income for people, reduce poverty sustainably. In 2019, the average income per capita of Nam Dan district reached 46 million VND / person, Hai Hau district reached 58.3 million VND / person, Don Duong district reached 66.7 million VND / person, Xuan Loc district reached 61. 6 million VND / person; Significantly higher than the average income per capita in rural areas nationwide (about 40.5 million VND / person).
In terms of poverty reduction, in 2019, the rate of poor households in 4 districts continues to decline rapidly, much lower than the national average, specifically: Nam Dan district to 1.46% (in 2018 it was 3.15%. ); in Hai Hau district to 0.05% (in 2018 it was 0.56%); Don Duong district to 0.99% (in 2018 it was 1.87%); Xuan Loc has no poor households.
Notably, after 2 years of implementing the project, districts have initially formed specific models associated with the model field, namely: experiential tourism models, cultural tourism in the district. Nam Dan; model roads at village, commune and district level of Hai Hau district; a model linking the value chain with certified production and concentrated production in Xuan Loc district; smart production model applying high technology in Don Duong district …
However, according to experts, the models are still single, not popular and replicated on the district scale, the quality of the models is limited and lacks depth. New activities focus a lot on infrastructure, improving the quality of a new countryside, content about a new model countryside is only formed in a few models, not clearly showing the prominence associated with scale. at district level, the result is only mechanical addition at the commune level. Quality of the models has not gone into depth, not universal and replicated at district level.
In addition, the role and proactive participation of people and communities in building a model new countryside is still limited, awareness and willingness to participate in building a model new countryside. has not been shown clearly, affecting the spread and sustainability of the models.
XBuild Nnew village comprehensive, sustainable
Entering the period of 2021-2025, Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyen Xuan Cuong said that it is necessary to continue building a new countryside in a comprehensive and sustainable direction, in association with focusing on improving the quality of socio-economic infrastructure. village, improving the material, spiritual life and living environment of rural people compared with the previous period.
By 2025, the target is to strive to have 50% of the districts, towns and cities directly under the province completing the task / meeting the new rural standards, at least 20% of the districts meeting the standard are recognized as a new rural district. Advanced and exemplary new rural district. For all districts that have met the standards, they must continue to carry out the task of building a new, advanced countryside according to the set of criteria for the period of 2021-2025.
The construction of a model new rural district was assigned to localities to be completely proactive in orientation and resources, focusing on improving the quality of a new countryside, building a model new countryside associated with specific conditions. , the potentials and strengths of each locality.
For provinces and centrally-run cities with orientations and plans to build a model new rural district, Minister Nguyen Xuan Cuong directed, it is necessary to develop specific projects, clear criteria associated with the characteristics of Outstanding points and advantages of each locality, in each specific field: economic development, culture, environment, new countryside associated with urbanization, natural disaster prevention and adaptation to climate change , security…
In particular, building a model new countryside, first of all, improving the quality of a new countryside according to the set of advanced criteria. Along with that, it is necessary to develop specific plans, roadmaps, be proactive in resources, mobilize the participation of branches, levels and especially the people in the implementation process – Minister Nguyen Xuan Cuong stressed strong.
Le Kim Lien