The team of experts from European and American aerospace agencies has just faced a fictional scenario: An asteroid is approaching Earth and is expected to crash into the Earth within 6 months.
That’s the scenario laid out during week of asteroid coping drills, which began April 26, and led by the Aerospace Agency’s (NASA) Center for Near-Earth Objects Research, according to Journal Newsweek 1.5 days.
According to the scenario, a hypothetical asteroid named 2021PDC was discovered on April 19. And the probability that this celestial body will crash into Earth is 5% on October 20, 6 months from the date of discovery.
With each passing day, participants learned more about the subject’s size and path. For example, the 2021PDC has dimensions ranging from 35 to 800 m.
Next, they must cooperate and apply existing knowledge to come up with a plan to prevent the “evil spirit” coming in.
And researchers sadly conclude, currently no Earth technology is capable of protecting the planet against the risk of asteroid attack within 6 months.
At the end of the drill organized by NASA, computer simulations showed that the hypothetical asteroid crashed into Eastern Europe, near the border between Germany, the Czech Republic and Austria. The energy emitted from the impact is equivalent to the destructive power of a large atomic bomb.
According to current calculations, the Earth temporarily has not encountered any “killer” as in the above scenario. However, space agencies have yet to detect the whereabouts of at least two-thirds of the asteroids 140 meters in diameter or more (the kind that could cause significant damage to the Earth) within the range. close to Earth.
That is why NASA and its partners have to prepare for the situation above.
“These kinds of maneuvers like these allow communities to protect the Earth to interact with each other and strengthen government coordination to ensure that we are all ready to face a threat from space. in the future, ”said NASA official Lindley Johnson.