How to distinguish SUV and CUV models on the market today


In fact, line of SUVs stands for Sport Utility Vehicle, which means a multi-purpose vehicle with a large character, high ground clearance and the ability to cross difficult terrain. SUVs have a body on frame structure similar to light trucks. This type of frame consists of a removable body shell placed on the chassis system (chromium). In which, the chassis and body are produced separately and then assembled together. In Vietnam, a popular example of an SUV is the Ford Everest.
For line of CUV carsThis is the abbreviation of the phrase Crossover Utility Vehicle, which means a car for family needs with a compact design, higher undercarriage than Sedan but lower than SUV. The CUV series has a unibody structure and can still be used for off-roading. However, the ability to off-road on high-difficulty roads in CUVs is significantly limited compared to SUVs. A common example of a CUV in Vietnam is the Ford EcoSport (CUV size B).
From there, it can be understood that the concept of a car with a 5 – 7 seat configuration, all called an SUV is an incorrect definition.SUVs have a hard steel chassis structure (like trucks), so their ability to avoid twisting on difficult terrain, load or off-road are superior to CUVs.
About the suspension
As for suspension, SUVs are usually equipped with dependent suspension. With this type of suspension, the wheels will be supported by a crane box or a bridge girder connecting these two wheels, the suspension elements will connect the girder to the body .. less and simpler than other types of suspension. In particular, the dependent suspension has high durability and good load capacity, so it is suitable for use on models using body-on-frame structures.The Ford Everest is the best example of a true 7-seater SUV with strong performance and off-road capabilities, comfort and smoothness and a competitive price in the segment.
However, the dependent suspension also has some disadvantages, such as its stability and low smoothness. To overcome this, on some high-end SUVs, such as the Ford Everest, is equipped with a balance bar, dampers and a spring’s elastic coefficient to help control greater smoothness and stability. In addition, this model is also designed to add bearing steel bars along the door to protect the user from all sides when a collision occurs.Representative of CUV segment (size B) in Vietnam – Ford EcoSport.
On CUV models, the suspension is usually equipped as an independent suspension with each wheel mounted on a separate arm attached to the body to create flexibility and autonomy for each wheel. Thanks to that, the two ends of the wheel can move individually without affecting each other.
Compared with dependent suspension, independent suspension has high smoothness but has a complicated structure, and maintenance and maintenance are also more difficult.
Engine layout
For SUV models, the engine is designed vertically by the manufacturer thanks to many outstanding features.
For SUV models, the engine is designed vertically by the manufacturer thanks to many outstanding features. First, the vertical engine helps to distribute gravity more evenly on the front and rear axles, which directly affects the vehicle’s balancing ability. Next, the vertical motor will combine easily with the drive shaft. In addition, the vertical engine offers a visible benefit of vehicle maintenance.
For CUV models in the price range of 1 billion VND at Vietnam auto marketMost of them are using engines designed horizontally. With this type of engine, the advantages can be mentioned as the optimization in the engine compartment layout, the length of the bonnet is shortened to increase visibility and save production costs. . In addition, the horizontal engine design often appears on the front-wheel drive models.

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