Those are the information given by master – pharmacist Huynh Phuong Thao from the Hospital (BV) for Tropical Diseases of Ho Chi Minh City, at the seminar “Action program to prevent drug resistance in Ho Chi Minh City” coordinated by this hospital. with the HCM City Infectious Association held on November 21 morning.
According to pharmacist Phuong Thao, antibiotics are a group of drugs that must be purchased by prescription. However, at present, statistics show that the rate of using antibiotics incorrectly is up to 91% in rural areas and 88% in urban areas.
Experts analyze the dangers of antibiotic resistance
Dr. Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, Director of Ho Chi Minh City Hospital for Tropical Diseases, listed the main causes leading to antibiotic resistance such as: using antibiotics overdose, underdose, abuse, not over the counter; the testing and quality control of antibiotics are still limited; prevention and control of infectious diseases are ineffective; A comprehensive national drug resistance surveillance system has not been established; antibiotic use in livestock has not been properly controlled; professional regulations have not been updated regularly; Awareness of the community and health workers about drug resistance is still limited.
Antibiotic resistance is one of the global health problems, disabling treatment for infections, estimated to cause up to 10 million deaths a year by 2050.
Meanwhile, Associate Professor-Dr. Ngo Thi Hoa from Oxford University Clinical Research Unit (located in Ho Chi Minh City) emphasized the indiscriminate use of antibiotics in livestock, especially for the purpose of gaining weight. of the 10 major causes of antibiotic resistance in humans.
According to specialist pharmacist II Le Hoang Nha from the Pharmaceutical Professional Department, Ho Chi Minh City Department of Health, over the past time, the Department of Health has surveyed the situation of selling prescription drugs in Ho Chi Minh City, with the pilot area being the district. Phu Nhuan. The survey shows that many drug sellers do not fully understand the regulations on antibiotic sales.
Before being intervened and trained in regulations when selling prescription drugs, especially antibiotics, many drug sellers are still unclear about the regulations such as selling antibiotics to have a prescription, and keep the prescription after selling … This rate is clearly improved after the intervention. Currently the Department of Health is expanding its intervention in the remaining areas, parallel with other measures in the action program “Development of clinical pharmacy, pharmaceutical supply chain in Ho Chi Minh City in the period 2020-2025”, in That emphasizes avoiding drug abuse.